mercredi 25 novembre 2015

Fordsmender's Dictionary of Proto-Germanic Roots

Fordsmender's Dictionary of Proto-Germanic Roots
http://www.angelfire.com/ga3/arkan/pgmnlex.html

The Phonology of Proto-Germanic
Vowels

Short

Long
i
u
ī
ū

e

y
o
æ
ō

a

ā

Diphthongs:

ai

au

ei

eu

Those sounds given in white are those that do not occur frequently. There is also an /�"/ of very rare occurance; it sounds as IPA [e:].
Consonants

Labial

Dental

Velar

Labiovelar

Plosives

p
b

t
d

k

kw

Fricatives

f
bh

th
ð
s
z

H
γ

Hw
γw

Nasals

m

n

ŋ

Liquids

l, r

Semivowels

w

j

Aa det ainaz. ability n duγunthiz.abound v taumjanan.above prep ufan, ubhan.abuse v stampōjanan.accustom v wanjanan.ache n akiz.acorn n akrōnan. add v aukanan. after adj, prep afteraz.again adv γeγ.against prep anγeγ.akin adj sebhjō.ale n aluth-.all adj alnaz.altered adj thwerHaz.always adv ā, ō.and conj unðá. anger n Hatis.angry n wraithaz.animal n deuzán.answer n andswæru-.ant n ai-. any det ainaγás, ainiγás.apple n aplu-.apron n skurtjōn.arm n armaz. army n Harjaz.arrow n arHwō. ascend v stīγanan.ash n azgōn.ash tree n askaz.asking n bōniz.aspen n aspō.at adp-loc at-. attack n bi-satjanan.auger n naibhōγaizaz. avenge v wrekanan.avoid v wenkanan.await v fra-biðjanan. awe n aγ-. axe v Hawwanan. -n akwiz.axle n aHsō.
Bback n bakan.bacon n bakōn-.bait v baitjanan.bake v bakkanan.ball n ballōn, bhalnōn.ban v bananan.band, strip n bandōn.bane n banōn.bare adj bazás.bark v berkanan.bark v γelpanan.barley n bariz, baraz.barrow n barwōn.bastard n banstiz.bath n bathan.bathe v bathōn.be- pref bi-.be v es-wes-.beach n setla-.beacon n bauknan.bead n beðan.beak n nabhjan.beam n balkan-, belkan-.beam n sparrōn.bean n baunō.bear n beron-. -v beranan.beat n bautanan.beautiful adj skauniz.beaver n bebhrús.bed n baðja-.beech n bōkjōn.before prep airiz.befriend v frijōjanan.belief n γa-laubhan.believe v γa-laubhjanan.belly n Hrefiz.belt n γerdu.bench n rastō.bend n HanHa.bend v biuγanan.bequeathe v laibhjanan, -leibhanan. berry n basja-, bazja-.besom n besmōn.better adj bat-.between prep, adv bi-twiHn, bi-twiska-.beware v warás.bide v biðjanan.bird n fuγlaz, fluγlaz.birth n γa-bhurðís.bitch n bikkeōn.bite v bītanan. -n bitiz.bitter adj bitrás.black adj blak-.blacken v smutt-, smutn-.blade n blaðán.blame v fijæjanan.blaze n blasōn.bless n blōðisōjanan.blind adj blindaz.bliss n blīthiz.block n stukkaz, stuknás.blood n blōðan.bloom n blōmōn.blow n straikaz.blue adj blæwaz.blunt adj dullaz.blush v bluskjanan.boar n bairaz.board n burðan.boat n baita-.bode n buðōnan.bog n muð-.boil v būlja-.boil v seuthanan.bold adj balthaz.bold adj Hwataz.bolt n kulb-.bone n bainan.book n bōks.boom v bōmanan.border n γa-mairja-.both adj, adv bā twā.bottom n buthm-, buthn-.bough n bōγaz.boundary n markō.bow n buγōn.bower n būra-.braid v breγðanan.brain n braγnan.brand n brandaz, branðás.brave n duHtīγás.bread n brauðan.break v breuthanan.breast n breustan.breath n bræthaz.bride n brūðiγumōn.bridge n bruγjō.bright adj berHtaz.bring v breŋanan.brittle adj brutilo-.broad adj braiðaz.brood n brōð-.brook n brōka-.broom n bræma-z.broth n bruthan.brother n brōthar.brow n brū-.brown adj brūnyz.bruise v brūsjanan.buck n bukkōn.build v buthlan.builder n thaHsuz.building n temraz.bull n bullōn.bundle n bundilīn.bundle n skaubhaz.burial n burγisli-.burn n brenwanan.burst v brestanan.bury v burγjanan.but conj, prep, adv ūtan, bī ūtan.buxom adj būHsamaz.buy v buγjanan.
Ccake n kōk.calf n kalbhan.call v kallōjanan.called, named adj Haitanan.camp n kampaz.can aux kunanan.can v kúnthyz.care n karó. -v karōjanan.carve v γrabhanan.catch v lakkjanan.ceiling n rasnan.chain n teuðrán.charity n dailaz.chase v jaγōjanan.chest n bōsm-.chew v keuwjanan.chick n daγwō.chicken n kiukīnan.child n barnan.choice n kuzís.choke v us-keukōjanan.choose v keusanan.chore n karzjan.churn v kernjōnanan.cinder n sindran.circle n Hreŋaz.city n burγs.clam n klamb-, klamm-.clasp n spanγō.claw n klawō.clay n klaijaz.clean adj klainiz.clearing n swathaz, swathō.cliff n brenkōn.climb v klimbanan.cloth n klaithaz.clove n klubhō.club n klumbōn.clue n kleuwīn.clutch v klukja-.coal n kulan.coarse adj γrutja-.cold adj kalðás.collide v stenkwanan.colt n kultaz.comb n kambaz. -v kambjanan.come v kwemanan.comfortable adj samthijaz.command n bi-Haissiz.commoner n folkan.complete adj fullaz, fulnaz.consider v ræðanan.costliness n deuríthō.cottage n kutan.cover v Hūðjanan. cradle n kraðulás.cramp n krampaz.creep v kreupanan.cripple n krupilaz.crooked adj skank-.crow n kraH-. -v Hrōk-.crowd n threnγán.cultivate v plaiγanan.curdle v rannjanan.curve v swaipanan.cut v sweranan.
Ddam n dammaz.damp adj dampaz.danger n pleγ-.dare v ders-, dars-, durs-.day n daγaz.dead adj dauðás.deaf adj daubhaz.dear adj deurijaz.death n dauthuz.deed n dæðís.deep adj deupaz.delve v bi-deltabhanan.dense adj theku-, thekwia-.depth n deupíthō.descendent n streun-.desire v lustús.dew n dawwaz.dig v γrubhjanan.dim adj dimbaz.dimple n dumpilaz.dip v dupjanan.dirty adj salwa-.disturb v sturjanan, staurjanan.ditch n slōHaz, sklōHaz.dive v dūbhijanan.divide v kleubhanan.dock n dokkō.doe n Hindō.dog n Hunðaz.doom n dōmaz.door n duran.dough n daiγaz.dove n dūbhōn.draft n draHtiz.drake n anidís.dream n draumaz, ðrauγmas.dreary adj dapraz.drill v threljanan.drink v drinkanan.drive v dribhanan.drone n dran-.drop n drupōn.dross n drōHs.drought n drūγōthuz.drum n trōmilaz.dumb adj dumbaz.dust n dustu-z.dwarf n dwerγaz.dwell v dwaljanan.dye n dauγō.
Eear n aúzōn.earn v aznōjanan.earth n erthō.east adv austa-.eat n etanan.eaves n ubhaswa-, ubhiswa-.ebb n abhjōn.-ed suf -ðaz.eel n ælaz.egg n ajjaz.elk n elH, alγús.end n endijōn.-er1 (comp) suf -īro, -īzo.-er2 (one who does) suf -árijaz.-est suf -istaz.etch v wrītanan.evil adj ubhilaz.exhale v blǽ-anan.expect v wænjanan. extend v strakjanan.
Ffaded adj falwaz.fair adj faγrás.fall v fallanan.family n kunján.far adj ferrō-, fersō-.fare v faranan.fast adj, adv Hiγ-.fasten v fastinōjanan.fat n talγa-.fate n wurðís.father n fað�"r.fathom n fathmaz.faucet n tappōn.feather n fethrō.fee n feHu.feed v fōðijanan.fell v fallijanan.fern n farnan.ferry v farjanan.fetch v fatōjanan.feud n faiHíthō.few adj lūti.field n felthuz.fight v feuHtanan.fill v fullijanan.find v finthanan.finger n finγraz.fir n furHjōn.firm adj starkaz.fish n fiskōjanan.fist n fūHstiz, fūnHstiz.five n fimfy.flag n fanōn.flash v γlent-.flavor n smak-.flax n flaHsan.flay v flaHanan.flea n flauH-.fledgeling n fluγγja-.flee v fleuHanan.flight n fluHtiz.float v flutōjanan.flood n flōðús.floor n flōruz.fly v fleuγanan.foam n faima-.foe n faiHaz.fold v falthanan.follow v fulγ-.food n foðrán. foot n fōt-.for prep fura.for(e)- pref fra-.forbid v fra-biðjanan. force n dutniz.ford n furðús.forth adv furtha-.foul adj fūlaz. foundation n γrunðús.four adj fidwōr.fowl n Hraiγrán-.fragment n bitōn.frame n Hurðís.free adj frijaz.freeze v freusanan.fright n furHtaz.frog n fruska-z.frost n Hrīma-, Hrī-p-an-.fur n fōðran.furrow n furH-.furze n γurst-, γerst-.
Ggable n γabhlō.gall n γallōn-.gallows n γalγ-.gargle v sweljanan.garment n γawæðjan.gather v γōð-.gentle adj γaðaftjaz.get v γaitan.give v γabh-.glass n γlása-n.gleam v γlent-.glide v γlīdan.glove n γa-labhjō-.glow v γlō-.gnat n γnattaz.go v γai-, γæ-.goat n Háfraz.goat n γaitaz.god n γuðán.gold n γulth-.good adj γōðaz.goose n γanat-, γans-.grab v γrabhjanan.grass n γrasan.grave n γrabh.gravel n γiutan.gray adj γræwjaz, γræwyz.greed n γræðaγaz.green adj γrō-.grind v γrindanan.groan v γrain-.groove n γrōbhō.ground n γrunthuz.group n γaŋaz.grow v waHsanan.grow v γrōnja-.guest n γastiz.
Hhail n Haγlaz.half n Halbhás.hall n Hallō-.hammer n Hamur.hand n Handuz.handle n Haftjan.hang v HanH-.happy adj γlaðaz.hard adj Harðús.harm n Harmuz.harpoon n skutilaz.harvest n Harbhi-s.hate n & v Hatōjanan.have v Haf-, Habhjanan.haven n Hafnaz.hawk n Habhukaz.hay n Haujan.head n Haubhaðan.heal v Hailaz.hear v Hauzjanan, Haurjanan.heart n Hertan.hearth n Herthaz.heat n Haitīn. -v Hitjō.heath n Haithjō.heave n Hafjanan.heaven n Hemina-.heavy adj Habhīγás.heavy adj sw�"raz.hedge n Haγjō.heed v rōkijanan.help v Helpanan.hem n Hamjanan.herd n Herðō.here adv Hin.hide v Halja-. -n Hūðís.high adj HauHaz.hill n Hulnís.hilt n Heltiz.hip n Hupiz.hive n Hūfiz.hold v Halðanan.hole n Hulaz.holly n Huli-.holy adj Hailaγás.home n Haim.hood n Hōðaz.-hood suf Haiðús.hoof n Hōfaz.hop v Hupnōjanan. -n Hup-nán.hornet n Hurz-.horse n Húsa-.hot adj Haitaz.house n Hūsan.how adv Hwō-.human n manniskōn, γuman-.hunger n Hunγrás.hunt v Hantjanan.husk n kaf-, kef-.hut n bōthō.
II pron ekan. ice n īsa-.in prep in.injure v skath-.inn n salaz, saliz.insect n muγjōn.intoxicated adj sælīγás.iron n isarnan.-ish suf -iskaz.island n aujō, aγwjō.it pron Hi-.
Jjaw n kaukōn.join v jukjanan.juice n wōsan.
Kkeel n keluz.kick v spurnanan.kidney n neγwHran.kind adj γa-kundjaz. -n γa-kunðís.king n kuniŋaz.kiss v kussjan.knee n knewan.knife n knibhaz.knot n knuttán.know v knæanan.
Llack n laka-.lack v skurtá-.lake n laγás.lamb n lambaz.land n landan.lap n lapn-.laugh v HlaHjanan.law n laγan.lawn n γarðaz.lay v laγjanan. lead v laiðjanan, leithanan. -n laudan.leaf n laubhan.leak v lekanan.lean v Hlinanan.leap v Hlaupanan.learn v liznōjanan.least adj laististaz.leather n lethran.leave n laubhō. -v laibhjanan, -leibhanan. left adj lubhtan.less adj laisiz.-less suf lausaz.let v lætanan.lie horizontally v leγjanan.lie, speak falsely v leuγanan.life n lībha.lift v luftjanan.light (not heavy) adj linHtaz.light v leuHtjanan. -n leuHtan.like adj γalīkaz. -v līkójanan.limb n limu.lime n leimaz.linden n linðō.link n Hlankijaz.list n līstōn.listen v Hlusinōjanan.live v lībhæ-.liver n libhrō.load v laiðō.loaf n Hlaibhaz.loan n laiHwniz.lock n lūkanan.lock of hair n lukkás.loins n landwīn-.long v laŋōjanan. -adj laŋa.loose adj slakás.lose v fra-leusanan.loss n lusan.lot n Hlūtan.loud adj Hlūðás.louse n Hnitō.love v leubha-.low adj læγaz.lower adj nitheraz.lump n klutty-.lung n luŋw-.lye n lauγō.
Mmagic n magikós.maiden n maγiðīnan.make n makōjanan.man n manwaz.marrow n mazga-, marga-.match, fit n fitja-.mate n γamakjōn.may v maγanan. meadow n mædwōn.meal n mætha-.mean v mainijanan. -adj γa-mainiz.meat n matiz.meek adj meukaz.meet n tijanan.melt v thawōjanan.melt v γa-maltjanan.merry adj murγijaz.middle adj meðjaz.milk n meluk-.mind n γa-menthijan.mine pron mīnaz.miss v missijanan.mist n raukiz.mix v maiH-skan.moment n stikiz.money n skattás. month n mænōth-.mood n mōðá-.moon n mænōn.mop v thwaHanan.morning n murγinaz, murγanaz, marγanaz.mother n mōðér.mouth n munthaz.move v Hrap-.mow down v mæwanan.much adj, adv, n mekilaz.mucus n snuttán, snutnán.mud n fanja-.muscle n thawaz.must v mōtanan.mutter v momanan.
Nnail n naγlaz.naked adj nakwaðaz.name n namōn.narrow adj narwaz.narrow adj thunnuz.navel n nabhalan.neck n Hnekkōn, kneknōn.need n nauðís.needle n næthlō.nest n nistaz.net n natjan.nettle n natilōn.new adj newjaz.nibble v Hnaskwōjanan.nimble adj raskuz, rathskuz.nine adj niwun.nipple n titta-.no adv ne.nod v Hnuðōjanan.north adv nurthra-.notch n Hnukk-.now adv nō.numb v sterbhanan.nurse n daiγjōn.nut n Hnut-.
Ooak n aiks.oar n airō.oath n aithaz.observe v kōp-.odd adj uzdaz.off adv abha.one adj, pron ainaz.one num & pron ainaz. open adj upana-, upina-.or conj aiththau.orphan n arbhijan.other adj, pron antheraz.otter n utraz.our adj ōs.oven n úHwnaz.over prep, adv ubheri.owe v aiγanan.ox n uHsōn.
Ppaddock n parrukaz.pale adj Hairaz.park n parrakōn.part n dailiz.path n patha-.payment n Hūrja.peace n frithuz.peak v kīkanan.penis n mastaz.penny n penaγa-.person n weHtiz.pierce n burōnan.pig n farHaz.pile n Haupaz.pinch v γrīpanan.place v stōwijanan.play n laikanan.pleasant adj linthijaz.pluck v taisilōjanan.plum n slaiHwōn.pod n Hulis.pointed adj Handaγás.poke v pukōn.pool n ternō.possession n aiHtiz.post n stabhaz.pot n krōgu-.prank n prunH-.prepare v taujanan.press v threnHanan.prey n warthō.prick v prikōjanan.profit n bōtō.protect v berγan.proverb n saγwú.pull v draγanan.punish v stræf-.
Qqueen n kwæniz.quick n kwikwaz.Rrabbit n Hazán-.race n ræs-.rag n klūtaz.rain v reγna-, reγaná-.raise v raizjanan.rake v rak-.rank adj rankaz.rather adv Hrathaz.raven n Hrabhanás.raw adj Hrawaz.reach v raikjanan.ready adj γa-raiðijaz.rear adj Hinðerán.reckon v γa-rekenōjanan.recoil v skrenkanan.red adj rauðaz.reel n HreHulaz.reindeer n Hrainaz.reservoir n sumpaz.restless adj wæbhraz.reward n mizdō.rib n rebhja-.ribbon n snōðó.rich adj rīkjaz.ride v rīaðanan.ridge n Hruγjás.right adj reHtaz.rind n rendō.ripe adj rīpijaz.rise v us-rīsanan.roast v bræðanan.roasting spit n spituz.rob v raubhōjanan.robe n raubhó.rod n ðó. roe deer n raiHōn.roe n Hruγná-, Hruγán-.roof n Hrōfaz.room n rūman, rūmaz.root n wartō.root v wrōtanan.rope n raipaz.rot v rūt-.rough adj rūHaz.round adj HwéHwlan, Hwéγwlan, Hweγwlán.row v rūwanan.rub v wrībhanan.rudder n rōthru-.rude adj kerlaz, karlaz.rue v Hrewanan.run v renwanan.rye n wrauγō.
Ssack n balγiz.sadden v Hruwjanan.saddle n saðulaz.sail n seγlan.sake n sakō.sale n salō.salmon n laHs.salt n saltan.same adj samōn.sand n sanda-, sámaða-.sap n sapan.satisfied adj saðás.satisfy v saðōjanan.saw n saγú.say v saγjanan, saγwjanan.scab n Hreufaz, Hrufaz.scare v thraγjanan.scatter v straujanan.scoop n skap-.scorch n saŋjanan.scrape v skerf-, skarf-.scratch v kerbhanan.scum n skūm-.scurvy n skurf-.scythe n seγúthō.sea n áHwō, saiwaz.seal n selHaz.seam n saumaz.seat n sæt-.secret n rūnō.section n skīzó.see v seHwanan.seed n sæðís, sæðá.seek v sōkjanan.seem v sōm-.seep v sip-.seize v Hantjanan.seldom adv selda-.self pron salbha-.sell v saljanan.send v sanðjanan.servant n theγnás.set v satjanan.seven adj sebhún.sew v siwjanan.shade n skadwó, skadwás.shaft n skaftaz.shake v skuð-.shall v skal-, skul-.shallow adj skala-.shame n skamō.shape v knuðanan. -n Hauw-.shard n skarðás.share v skarō.sharp v skarpaz.shave v skabhanan.shear n skær-.sheath n skaithjō.shed v skaithanan, skaiðanan.sheep n skæpan.sheet n skauta-.shelf n skelf-, skalf-.shell n skaljō.shield n skelðús.shift v skiftanan.shimmer v γlīm-, γlaim-, γlim-.shin n skinō.shine n skīnanan.shining adj blank-.ship n skipan.-ship suf -skapaz.shirt n Hamíthjan.shoe n skōHaz.shoot n skeutanan.shop n skuppa-.shore n stranðás.shot n skutan.shoulder n skluðrō.shove v skubh-.shovel n skubhlō.show v skauwōjanan.shower n skūrō, skūraz.shred n skrauðás.shrimp n skrempan.shrink n blankjanan.shroud n skrūðán.shut v skutjanan.sick adj seukaz.sickle n Hæbhjō.side n ðás.sieve n Hrīðran.sign n taiknan.silver n silubhra-.sin n sunðjō.sing v seŋwanan.sink v senkwanan.sip v sūpanan.sister n swestr-.sit v setjanan.six adj seHs.skip v skupanan.slant v slintanan, slintjanan.slaughter n sluHtís.sled n sliðō, slaγj-.sleep v slæpanan.sleeve n slupan.slice n sleit-, slit-, split-.slide v slīðanan.slide v γlið-.slight adj slembaz.sling v slenγanan.slough, shedded skin n slūk-.slow adj slæwaz.slut n slauthaz.sly adj slōγís.small adj smalaz.smart adj Hántheraz.smart v smertanan.smear v smerwan.smell n stankwiz.smite v smītanan.smith n smithaz. smoke n reukan.smoke v smeukanan.smolder v smel-, smul-, smōl-.smooth adj slīkas.smuggle v smūγanansnail n snaγilás.snake n snakōn.snare n snarHō.sneak v sneikanan.sneeze v fneusanan.snore v snark-.snow n snaiwaz.soak v staupjanan.soap n saipō.soft adj slīmaz.song n sanγwaz.songbird n finkíz, finkjōn.soon adv sænō.soot n sōtan.soothe v salbhōjanan.sore adj sairaz.sore n blajinōn.sorrow n surγō.soul n saiwalō.sound n sunðás, swinthaz.sour adj sūraz.south adv sunthrōnjaz.sow v sæjanan. -n suγú.space n kluftís.spade n spaðōn.spare n sparaz.spark n spark-.sparkle v γleitmunjan.sparrow n sparwaz.spasm v thrawōjanan.speak v sprekanan.spear n speri.spear n γaiðō-.speech n sprækjō.speed n spōðís.spell n spellan.spew v spīwanan.spider n spenthrō, spīnthrō.spike n γazðaz.spill v spelthjanan.spin v spenwanan.spinning wheel n rukka-.spire n spīraz.spit v spætlanan.splinter n spīkaz.split v randijanan.spoke n spaikōn.sponge n swampuz.spool n spelðō.spoon n spænuz.spray v spræwjanan.spread v sprīðanan, spraiðjanan.spring v sprenγanan.sprout v spreutanan.spy n speH-.stab v stik-.staff n Hruŋō.stain n flekk-.stair n staiγrī.stalk v stalkōjanan.stall n stallaz, stalnaz.stand v sta-n-ð-, stōð-.star n stersōn, sternō.starch v starkjanan.stare n star-.starling n starōn, staraz.stave n laththō.steadfast adj fastuz.steal v stelanan.steel adj staHlijaz.steep adj staupaz.steer v steurijanan.stem n stalō.stick n stakōn.stick, cling v klibhōjanan.stiff adj stīfaz.still adj steljaz.sting v stenγanan.stone n stainaz.stool n stōlaz.stop v Haltaz.stork n sturkaz.storm n sturmaz.straw n Hraukaz.stream n straumaz.strength n stranγúthō.stretch v rakjanan.strife n Haifstiz.strike v slaHanan.string n stranγiz.strip v straupjanan.stripe n strīpan.stroke n strikōn.stroke v straikōjanan.strong adj stranγaz.strut v strūt-.stud n stōðō.stump n stumpaz.stutter v staut-.sty n stijan.subdue v kwaljanan.such adj swalīkaz.sulk v selkanan.summer n sumur-.sun n sunnōn.surge n bulγ-.swallow v swelγ-. -n swalwōn.swamp n mōra-.swan n swanaz.swarm n swarmaz.sweep v swīpanan.sweet adj swōtjaz.swell v swelnanan.swelling n knw-.swim v swemjanan.swine n swīnan.
swing v
swenγanan.sword n swerðan.
Ttail n taγlá-.take v tækanan.tale n talō.tame v tamjanan.tar n terwa-.target n tarγa-.teach v taikjanan.team n taumaz, tauγmaz.tear v rīfanan. -n taHr-, taγr-.tease v taisjanan.tell v taljanan. tell v taljanan.ten adj teγán-.testicle n kūdilaz.thanks n thankaz.thatch v thakjanan.theft n theubhíthō.thick adj γa-Hrus.thief n theubhaz.thigh n theuHaz.thin adj skīraz.thing n thenγán, thénγaz.think v thankjanan.thirst n thurs-.thong n thwanγaz.thorn n thurnuz.though conj thauH.thread n thræðús.threaten v threutanan.three adj thrijaz.thresh v threskanan.throat n thrut-.through prep thurH-.thrush n thraud-sk-.thrust v thrūstjanan.thud v thudjanan.thumb n thūman.thunder n thunraz.tie v tauγōwjanan.tight adj thenHtuz.till v tilōjanan.tiller n Helman, Halman.tilt v Helthjanan.time n ðís.tin n tinan.tithe n teγánthōn, teHánthōn.toad n skabh-, kabh-.toe n taiHwō.together adj γað-.tomcat n staγ-.tongs n tanγó.tongue n tunγōn.tooth n tanth-, tunth-. total adj ūtizōn.tough adj tanHuz.tow v tuγōjanan.towel n thwaHlijan.tower n stapulaz.town n tūnaz.tread v treðanan, truðanan.tree n trewan.trough n truγá-.trunk of a tree n bulás.truth n santhaz, sunðjás.turf n swarðu-.turn v terbhanan.twig n twiγán.twin n twinjaz.twine n twizna-.twist n werbhilōn.two adj twai.
Uulcer n aitra-.uncle n awunHaimaz.under prep, adv unðer-.undergarment n smukkaz, smuγnás.unsteady adj taltaz.up adv upp-.urinate v miHstilaz.utter n kwethanan.
Vvagina n slitan, sklitan.vegetable n krūðán.vomit v Hrækjanan. -n Hrækōn.
Wwade v wadjanan.wag v waγōjanan.wail v jæmeraz.wake v wak-.wallow v waltjanan.war n wersō.ward n warðō.-ward suf -warð.ware n warō.warm adj warmaz, γwarmaz.warn v warnōjanan.warp v werpanan.warrior n wrakjōn.wash v wat-sk-anan.wasp n Hwefsa-.waste v wōstjan.water n watar.wax n waHsan.way n weγaz.we pron wīz.weak adj waikaz.weapon n wæpnan.wear v wazjanan.weasel n wisulōn.weather n weðrán.weave v webhanan.wed v waðjanan.wedge n waγjaz.weed n weuð-.week n wīkon.weep v wōpjanan.weigh v weγanan.weight n γaweHtiz.well-being n welōn.wench n thewernō.west adv wes-t-.wet adj wætaz.whale n Hwalaz.wharf n Hwarfaz.what pron, adj, adv Hwat.wheat n Hwaitijaz.wheel n ratha-.when adv, conj, pron Hwa-.where adv Hwi-.whether conj Hwatharaz.which adj, pron Hwi-līkaz.white adj Hwītaz.who pron Hwaz-.whole adj Hailaz.whore n Hōrōn.why adv Hwī.wide adj ðás.widow n wiðewō.wife n wībhan.wild adj wilthijaz.will v weljanan. -n weljōn.win v wenwanan.wind n wenðás. -v wenðanan.wipe v wīpanan.wire n wīraz.wise adj wīsaz, wītsas.wish v wunskjanan.wit n witjan.withered adj sauzás.woo v wanHanan.wood n wiðuz.wool n skaγján.word n wurðan.work n werkan.worm n wurmiz.worry v wurγjanan.worth adj werthaz.wound n banjō.wrath n wraithíthō.wreath n writhōn.wrench v wrenkjanan.wring v wrenγanan.wrist n wristiz.wrong adj wranγaz.
Yyard n γazðijō.yawn v γin-.year n jæran.yearn v γer-.yellow adj γelwaz.yes adv jā.yesterday adv γestra-.yew n īwa-, īwō.yield v γelðanan.yoke n & v spanwanan.yon adv, pron jainaz.you pron iuwiz.young adj juγúnthaz.yours pron thīnaz.youth n juwúnthiz, juwunðōjíthō.
     This text is the work of an amateur. In no way do I claim to represent any part of the formal linguistic community. I present this piece only to give those who are new to Germanic linguistics a starting place. Of course, suggestions and criticisms are always welcome.

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