samedi 20 décembre 2014

The Four Jewels of the Tuatha Dé Danann

The Four Jewels
of the Tuatha Dé Danann


{English text}
The Four Jewels of the Tuatha Dé Danann

Translation

There were four cities in which the Tuatha Dé Danann learnt wisdom and magic, for wisdom and magic and deviltry were of service to them. These are the names of the cities: Failias and Findias, Goirias and Murias. From Failias was brought the Lia Fail, which is at Tara, and which used to cry out under each king who assumed the sovereignty of Ireland. From Gorias was brought the sword which belonged to Nuada. From Findias was brought the spear of Lug. And from Murias was brought the caldron of the Dagda.

Four wizards were in these cities. Fessus was in Falias, Esrus was in Gorias, Uscias was in Findias, and Semias was in Murias. From them the Tuatha Dé Danann learnt wisdom and knowledge. No battle was maintained against the spear of Lug or against him who had it in his hand. No-one escaped from the sword of Nuada after he had been wounded by it, and when it was drawn from its warlike scabbard, no-one could resist against him who had it in his hand. Never went an assembly of guests away unsatisfied from the caldron of the Dagda. And the Lia Fail, which is at Tara, never spoke except under a king of Ireland.

Some of the historians, indeed, say that the Tuatha Dé Danann came to Ireland in a cloud of mist. But this is not so; for they came in a great fleet of ships, and after arriving in Ireland, they burnt all of their vessels. And from the cloud of mist that arose from them, some said that they came in a cloud of mist. This, however, is not true; for these are the two reasons why they burnt their boats: that the race of the Fomorians might not find them in order to prey upon them, and that Lug might not come in order to contend against Nuada for the sovereignty. Concerning them, the antiquary composed this lay:


  1. "The Tuatha Dé Danann of the precious jewels,
    Where did they find learning?
    They came upon perfect wisdom
    In druidism (and) in deviltry.
  2. Fair Iardanel, a prophet of excellence,
    Son of Nemed, son of Agnoman,
    Had as a foolish offspring the active Beothach,
    Who was a hero of cleaving, full of wonders.
  3. The children of Beothach, —long-lived their fame—
    The host of valiant heroes came,
    After sorrow and after great sadness,
    To Lochlann with all of their ships.
  4. Four cities,—just their renown—
    They held in sway with great strength.
    On this account they passionately made competition
    For learning their genuine wisdom.
  5. Failias and bright Gorias,
    Findias (and) Murias of great prowess,
    From which battles were won outside,
    (Were) the names of the chief cities.
  6. Morfis and noble Erus,
    Uscias and Semiath, ever-fierce,
    To name them,—a discourse of need—
    (These were) the names of the sages of noble wisdom.
  7. Morfis (was) the poet of Failias itself,
    In Gorias (was) Esrus of keen desire,
    Semiath (was) in Murias, the fortress of pinnacles,
    (And) Uscias (was) the fair seer of Findias.
  8. Four presents (were fetched) with them hither,
    By the nobles of the Tuatha Dé Danann:
    A sword, a stone, a caldron of worth,
    (And) a spear for the death of great champions.
  9. From Failias (came) hither the Lia Fail,
    Which shouted under the kings of Ireland.
    The sword in the hand of the nimble Lug
    From Gorias (it was procured), —a choice of vast riches.
  10. From far-away Findias over the sea
    Was brought the deadly spear of Nuada.
    From Murias (was conveyed) a huge and mighty treasure,
    The caldron of the Dagda of lofty deeds.
  11. The King of Heaven, the King of feeble men,
    May he protect me, the King of royal parts,
    The Being in whom is the endurance of spectres,
    And the strength of the gentle race. "

    Tuatha Dé Danann.

    The End. Amen.

from the Lebor Gabála Érenn: The Book of the Taking of Ireland, ed. Macalister


{English tr.}






  304. Thereafter the progeny of Bethach s. Iarbonel the Soothsayer s. Nemed were in the northern islands of the world, learning druidry and knowledge and prophecy and magic, till they were expert in the arts of pagan cunning. 






  305. There were four cities in which they were acquiring knowledge and science and diabolism: these are their names, Failias, Goirias, Findias, Muirias. From Failias was brought the Lia Fail which is in Temair, and which used to utter a cry under every king thant should take Ireland. From goirias was brought the spear which Lug had: battle would never go against him who had it in hand. From Findias was brought the sword of Nuadu: no man would escape from it; when it was drawn from its battle-scabbard, there was no resisting it. From Muirias was brought the cauldron of The Dagda; no company would go from it unsatisfied. There were four sages in those cities: Morfesa, who was in Failias, Esrus in Goirias, Usicias in Findias, Semias in Muirias. Those are the four poets, with whom the Tuatha De Danann acquired knowledge and science.

LF
306.   So that they were the Tuatha De Danand who came to Ireland.   Thereafter the Tuatha De Danann came into Ireland.
  Their origin is uncertain, whether they were of demons or of men; but it is said that they were of the progeny of Beothach s. Iarbonel the Giant (sic).

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