mardi 2 juillet 2019

Völuspá in skamma

Völuspá in skamma

1.                                                               1.
Váru ellifu                                                 There were eleven
æsir talðir,                                                 Æsir counted,
Baldr er hné,                                             when Baldr went down
við banaþúfu;                                            on the mound of death;
þess lézk Váli                                            for this Váli
verðr at hefna,                                           took the revenge,
síns of bróður                                            of his brother
sló hann handbana.                                   the hand-slayer he slew.(1)

2.                                                               2.
Var Baldrs faðir                                        Baldr's father was
Burs arfþegi,                                             Burr's heir,
Freyr átti Gerði,                                        Freyr married Gerðr,
hon var Gymis dóttir,                                she was daughter of Gymir,
jötna ættar,                                                of a line of jǫtuns,
ok Aurboðu;                                              and of Aurboða;
þó var Þjazi,                                              thus was Þjazi(2)
þeira frændi,                                              their kinsman,
skrautgjarn jötunn,                                    a showy(3) jǫtunn,
hans var Skaði dóttir.                                Skaði was his daughter.

3.                                                               3.
Margt segjum þér                                      Much we tell you
ok munum fleira;                                       and remember more;
vörumk, at viti svá.                                   I reckon that you know so.
Viltu enn lengra?                                       Do you want longer still?(4)

4.                                                               4.
Haki var Hveðnu                                       Haki was Hveðna's
hóti beztr sona,                                          best son by a bit,(5)
en Hveðnu var                                           and of Hveðna,
Hjörvarðr faðir;                                         Hjǫrvarðr was father;(6)
Heiðr ok Hrossþjófr                                  Heiðr and Hrossþjófr
Hrímnis kindar.                                         [are] of Hrímnir's kindred.

5.                                                               5
Eru völur allar                                           All vǫlur(7) are
frá Viðolfi,                                                descended from Viðolfr,
vitkar allir                                                  all wizards
frá Vilmeiði,                                              from Vilmeiðr,
seiðberendr                                                the seiðr-bearer(8)
frá Svarthöfða,                                          from Svarthǫfði,
jötnar allir                                                  all jǫtnar
frá Ymi komnir.                                        from Ymir.

6.                                                               6.
Margt segjum þér                                      Much we tell you
ok munum fleira;                                       and remember more;
vörumk, at viti svá.                                   I reckon that you know so.
Viltu enn lengra?                                       Do you want longer still?

7.                                                               7.
Varð einn borin                                         One was born
í árdaga                                                     in days of old
rammaukinn mjök                                     greatly endowed with strength,
rögna kindar;                                             of the kindred of the rǫgn(9);
níu báru þann                                            nine bore the
naddgöfgan mann                                     beam-gifted man,
jötna meyjar                                              jǫtun maids,
við jarðar þröm.                                         on the edge of the earth.

8.                                                               8.
Hann Gjalp of bar,                                    Gjalp bore him,
hann Greip of bar,                                     Greip bore him,
bar hann Eistla                                          Eistla bore him
ok Eyrgjafa,                                              and Eyrgjafa,
hann bar Ulfrún                                         Ulfrún bore him
ok Angeyja,                                               and Angeyja,
Imdr ok Atla                                             Imdr and Atla
ok Járnsaxa.                                               and Járnsaxa.

9.                                                               9.
Sá var aukinn                                            He was endowed
jarðar megni,                                             with the might of the earth,
svalköldum sæ                                          the chill-cold sea, 
ok sónardreyra.                                         and the blood of atonement.(11)

10.                                                             10.
Margt segjum þér                                      Much we tell you
ok munum fleira;                                       and remember more;
vörumk, at viti svá.                                   I reckon that you know so.
Viltu enn lengra?                                       Do you want longer still?

11.                                                             11.
Ól ulf Loki                                                Loki sired the wolf
við Angrboðu,                                           with Angrboða,
en Sleipni gat                                            and had Sleipnir
við Svaðilfara;                                           with Svaðilfari;
eitt þótti skass                                           one [was] thought the monster
allra feiknast,                                             most terrible of all,
þat var bróður frá                                      that was from the brother
Býleists komit.                                          of Býleist sprung.(12)

12.                                                             12.
Loki át hjarta                                             Loki ate a heart
lindi brenndu,                                            burned with linden,
fann hann halfsviðinn                               he found half-singed
hugstein konu;                                           the mind-stone of a woman;(13)
varð Loftr kviðugr                                    Loftr became pregnant
af konu illri;                                               with an evil woman;
þaðan er á foldu                                        from that in the world is
flagð hvert komit.                                     every ogress come.(14)

13.                                                             13.
Haf gengr hríðum                                      The sea goes tempestuously(15)
við himin sjalfan,                                       against the sky(16) itself,
líðr lönd yfir,                                             flows over the land,
en loft bilar;                                               and [the vault of] heaven(17) cracks;
þaðan koma snjóvar                                  from there come snows
ok snarir vindar;                                        and cutting winds;
þá er í ráði,                                                then it is in process(18)
at rögn of þrjóti.                                        that the rǫgn(19) come to an end.

14.                                                             14.
Varð einn borinn                                       There was born one
öllum meiri,                                               greater than all,
sá var aukinn                                             he was endowed
jarðar megni;                                             with the might of the earth;(20)
þann kveða stilli                                        they call him the ruler
stórúðgastan                                              most high-minded,
sif sifjaðan                                                 sib bound in kinship,
sjötum görvöllum.                                     to the entirety of peoples.(21)

15.                                                             15.
Þá kemr annarr                                          Then [will] come another
enn máttkari,                                             the mightier,
þó þori ek eigi                                           yet I do not dare
þann at nefna;                                           to name him;
fáir séa nú                                                  few(22) see now
fram of lengra                                           further forward
en Óðinn mun                                           than [when] Óðinn will
ulfi mæta.                                                  meet the wolf.(23)


Notes

1.  In the manuscript this poem constitutes verses 29–44 of Hyndluljóð, and at the end of this verse the refrain appears:
allt er þat ætt þín,                                      all this is your line,
Óttarr heimski.                                          silly Óttarr.
2.  Omitting a comma inserted by the editor, Guðni Jónsson, which breaks up the sense.
3.  Emended: the word refers to being fond of ornament, a flashy dresser.  Olive Bray has taken it as referring to his shapeshifting. The manuscript has skautgjarn: fond of "sheets" —skaut can refer to a sail, a headscarf, the corners of the sky ... none of which appears to work here. Guðbrandur Vigfússon emended to skotgjarn, fond of "shooting", i.e., hunting.
4.  As noted by Sophus Bugge in his edition, this refrain contrasts with that in Hyndluljóð:
Varðar, at viti svá.                                     Important that [he] know so.
Viltu enn lengra?                                       Do you want further still?
and recalls one in Alvíssmál:
vǫrumk, dvergr, at vitir -:                          I reckon, dwarf, you know -:
In translating, I am adopting Guðbrandur Vigfússon's emendation of viti, "that [Óttarr] know" to vitir, "you know", but he also rendered vörumk here as "I doubt".
5.  probably meaning by a lot
6.  These four lines are assigned to Hyndluljóð by Olive Bray. Guðbrandur Vigfússon changed Haki to Hati, the wolf who will swallow the moon, and changed the lines to match his being Hróðvitnir's son.
7.  plural of vǫlva
8.  Emended based on Gylfaginning, where this verse is quoted; the manuscript has skilberendr, "bearer of distinction or discernment".
9.  i.e, regin; the verse clearly refers to Heimdallr.
10.  Naddr means "stud" or "nail" - thought to refer to sunbeams?
11.  Presumably referring to the sónargǫltr sacrifice at Yule.
12.  Presumably referring to Jǫrmungandr.
13.  Unclear lines. Át, "ate", and konu, "woman's", are emendations for af , "from", and komu, "came"; hugsteinn is a kenning for "heart". Finnur Jónsson suggested the reference was to Gullveig; I am following his tentative translation.
14.  Guðbrandur Vigfússon related these lines to Hel, but the story is otherwise unknown. Flagð can be used of a witch, a jǫtun-woman, or a troll-wife; Finnur Jónsson thought the troll meaning more likely here than the giantess.
15.  Probably "[will] wage war" is meant. The base meaning of hríð is "[snow]storm", but hríðum usually means "often".
16.  As always, himinn can be either "sky" or "heaven".
17.  Lopt/Loft, similarly, can be rendered "sky", "heaven", or "air"; Guðbrandur Vigfússon has "firmament" here.
18.  í ráði, "in council, consultation; planned", is puzzling, usually left out.
19.  Emendation: the manuscript has regn, "rain" - emended either to rǫgn or to regin.
20.  These 2 lines also in Verse 9.
21.  Some editors have taken this verse as about Thor and capitalise Sif in the second to last line: Guðbrandur Vigfússon has "Sib's gossip" (i.e., spouse) for that line. Others see it as being, like Verse 9, about Heimdallr, who is "bound in kinship" to all peoples because he is the ancestor of all classes, following Rígsþula. In his 1922 edition, Richard Constant Boer accordingly emended the line to sifjum sifjaðan, translated by Lee M. Hollander as "in sib with all sires". Hans Kuhn, in his revision of Gustav Neckel's German edition, mistakenly interprets it as "living in peace", leading to a third interpretation of the verse, as referring to the Christian god.
22.  As usual in Old Norse, "few" here may mean "none."
23.  Fenrir, at Ragnarǫk.

Rígsþula

Rígsþula

Svá segja menn í fornum sögum, at einnhverr af ásum, sá er Heimdallr hét, fór ferðar sinnar ok fram með sjóvarströndu nökkurri, kom at einum húsabæ ok nefndist Rígr. Eftir þeiri sögu er kvæði þetta:
So people say in old sagas, that one of the Æsir, who is called Heimdallr, was going on his way and [passing] along a certain seashore, came to a settlement and called himself Rígr. Following these stories there is this poem:

1.                                                               1.
Ár kváðu ganga                                         In times of yore they say went
grænar brautir                                            green ways
öflgan ok aldinn                                        a mighty and ancient
ás kunnigan,                                              wise god,
ramman ok röskvan                                   the strong and doughty
Ríg stíganda.                                             Rígr, striding.

2.                                                               2.
Gekk hann meir at þat                               He went further then(1)
miðrar brautar;                                           in mid-path;
kom hann at húsi,                                      he came to a house,
hurð var á gætti;                                        the door was ajar;(2)
inn nam at ganga,                                      in he up and went,
eldr var á golfi;                                          a fire was on the floor;
hjón sátu þar                                              a couple sat there
hár at arni,(3)                                             hoary, at the hearth,
Ái ok Edda,                                              Ái and Edda,(4)
aldinfalda.                                                 with her oldfashioned headdress.

3.                                                               3.
Rígr kunni þeim                                        Rígr knew how
ráð at segja;                                               to give them advice:
meir settisk hann                                       further he sat down
miðra fletja,                                               in mid-bench,
en á hlið hvára                                           and on each side
hjón salkynna.                                           the two householders.

4.                                                               4.
Þá tók Edda                                              Then Edda took
ökkvinn hleif,                                            a lumpy loaf,
þungan ok þykkvan,                                  heavy and thick,
þrunginn sáðum;                                        stuffed with bran;
bar hon meir at þat                                    further she brought it
miðra skutla,                                              amidst dishes,
soð var í bolla,                                           broth was in a bowl,
setti á bjóð;                                                she set it on the table;
var kalfr soðinn                                         a calf was boiled,
krása beztr.                                                best of delicacies.(5)

5.                                                               5.
Rígr kunni þeim                                        Rígr knew how
ráð at segja;                                               to give them advice;
reis hann upp þaðan,                                 he rose up from there,
réðsk at sofna;(6)                                      readied himself to sleep;
meir lagðisk hann                                      further he lay down
miðrar rekkju,                                            in mid-bed,
en á hlið hvára                                           and on each side
hjón salkynna.                                           the two householders.

6.                                                               6.
Þar var hann at þat                                    There he was then
þríar nætr saman,                                       three nights together,
gekk hann meir at þat                                he went further then
miðrar brautar;                                           in mid-path;
liðu meir at þat                                          further passed then
mánuðr níu.                                               nine months.

7.                                                               7.
Jóð ól Edda                                               A baby Edda bore,
jósu vatni,                                                  they sprinkled him with water,
hörvi svartan,                                            with linen(7) swarthy,
hétu Þræl.                                                  they called him Þræll.(8)

8.                                                               8.
Hann nam at vaxa                                     He up and grew
ok vel dafna;                                             and thrived well;
var þar á höndum                                      there on his hands was
hrokkit skinn,                                            the skin wrinkled,
kropnir knúar,                                            his knuckles swollen,
fingr digrir,                                                his fingers thick,
fúlligt andlit,                                             his face ugly,
lotr(9) hryggr,                                            his back crooked,
langir hælar.                                              his heels long.

9.                                                               9.
Nam han meir at þat                                  Then further he up and
magns of kosta,                                         tried his strength,
bast at binda,                                             binding bast,
byrðar gerva;                                             making loads;
bar hann heim at þat                                  then he bore home
hrís gerstan dag.                                        firewood [every] dreary day.

10.                                                             10.
Þar kom at garði                                        There came to the garth
gengilbeina,                                               a wandering-legged girl,(10)
aurr var á iljum,                                         earth was on her soles,
armr sólbrunninn,                                      her arm sunbrowned,
niðrbjúgt er nef,                                        bent down her nose,(11)
nefndisk Þír.                                              she called herself Þír.(12)

11.                                                             11.
Miðra fletja                                               In mid-bench
meir settisk hon;                                        she further sat down;
sat hjá henni                                              sat down beside her
sonr húss;                                                  the son of the house;
ræddu ok rýndu,                                       they chatted and whispered,
rekkju gerðu                                              readied a bed,
Þræll ok Þír                                               Þræll and Þír,
þrungin dægr.                                            through crammed days.

12.                                                             12.
Börn ólu þau,                                            Children they had,
- bjuggu ok unðu, -                                    - they lived together and were happy -
hygg ek at héti                                          I think they were called
Hreimr ok Fjósnir,                                     Hreimr and Fjósnir,
Klúrr ok Kleggi,                                        Klúrr and Kleggi,
Kefsir, Fúlnir,                                            Kefsir, Fúlnir,
Drumbr, Digraldi,                                     Drumbr, Digraldi,
Dröttr ok Hösvir.                                      Drǫttr and Hǫsvir,
Lútr ok Leggjaldi;                                     Lútr and Leggjaldi;(13)
lögðu garða,                                              they set up fences,
akra töddu,                                                manured fields,,
unnu at svínum,                                         herded pigs,
geita gættu,                                               tended goats,
grófu torf.                                                 [and] dug peat.

13.                                                             13.
Dætr váru þær                                           Their daughters were
Drumba ok Kumba,                                  Drumba and Kumba,
Ökkvinkalfa                                              Ǫkkvinkalfa
ok Arinnefja,                                             and Arinnefja,
Ysja ok Ambátt,                                        Ysja and Ambátt,
Eikintjasna,                                               Eikintjasna,
Tötrughypja                                               Tǫtrughypja
ok Trönubeina.                                          and Trǫnubeina.(14)
Þaðan eru komnar                                     From them have come
þræla ættir.                                                the families of thralls.

14.                                                             14.
Gekk Rígr at þat                                       Rígr went then
réttar brautir,                                             on right ways,
kom hann at höllu,                                    he came to a hall,
hurð var á skíði,                                         the door was on the lintel beam,
inn nam at ganga,                                      in he up and went,
eldr var á golfi,                                          a fire was on the floor,
hjón sátu þar,                                             a couple sat there,
heldu á sýslu.                                            they were busily at work.

15.                                                             15
Maðr teglði þar                                          There the man was cutting
meið til rifjar;                                            wood for a loom beam;
var skegg skapat,                                       his beard was trimmed,
skör var fyrir enni,                                     there was a fringe on his forehead,
skyrtu þröngva,                                         his shirt [was] cinched,(15)
skokkr var á golfi.                                     a chest was on the floor.

16.                                                             16.
Sat þar kona,                                             There sat the woman,
sveigði rokk,                                              twirling a distaff,
breiddi faðm,                                            parting her arms,
bjó til váðar;                                              preparing to make clothes;
sveigr var á höfði,                                     a snood was on her head, 
smokkr var á bringu,                                 a smock was on her bosom,(16)
dúkr var á halsi,                                         a cloth was on her throat,
dvergar á öxlum.                                       dwarves on her shoulders.(17)
Afi ok Amma                                            Afi and Amma(18)
áttu hús.                                                    owned the house.

17.                                                             17.
Rígr kunni þeim                                        Rígr knew how
ráð at segja;                                               to give them advice;
[meir settisk hann                                      [further he sat down(19)
miðra fletja,                                               in mid-bench,
en á hlið hvára                                           and on each side
hjón salkynna].::                                        the two householders].

18.                                                             18.
[Þá tók Amma]                                          [Then Amma took]
-- -- --                                                         -- -- --
var kalfr soðinn                                         a calf was boiled,
krása beztr.                                                best of delicacies.

19.                                                             19.
[Rígr kunni þeim                                       [Rígr knew how
ráð at segja]                                               to give them advice;]
reis frá borði,                                             he rose from the table,
réð at sofna;                                              readied himself to sleep;
meir lagðisk hann                                      further he lay down
miðrar rekkju,                                            in mid-bed,
en á hlið hvára                                           and on each side
hjón salkynna.                                           the two householders.

20.                                                             20.
Þar var hann at þat                                    There he was then
þríar nætr saman;                                       three nights together;
liðu meir at þat                                          further passed then
mánuðr níu.                                               nine months.

21.                                                             21.
Jóð ól Amma                                             A baby Amma bore,
jósu vatni,                                                  they sprinkled him with water,
kölluðu Karl,                                             called him Karl,(20)
kona sveip rifti,                                         the woman wrapped him in linen,
rauðan ok rjóðan,                                      red and ruddy,
riðuðu augu.                                              his eyes rolled.

22.                                                             22.
Hann nam at vaxa                                     He up and grew
ok vel dafna,                                             and thrived well;
öxn nam at temja,                                      he up and broke in oxen,
arðr at gerva,                                             fashioned ploughs,(21)
hús at timbra                                             put up buildings
ok hlöður smíða,                                        and barns he constructed,
karta at gerva                                            made carts
ok keyra plóg.                                           and steered the plough.

23.                                                             23.
Heim óku þá                                              Then they drove home [with]
hanginluklu,                                              a key-behung,
geitakyrtlu,                                                goatskin-kirtled [girl],
giftu Karli;                                                married her to Karl;
Snör heitir sú,                                            Snǫr(22) she is called,
settisk und rifti;                                         she sat down under her [bridal] veil;
bjuggu hjón,                                              they lived as a couple,
bauga deildu,                                            dealt out rings,(23)
breiddu blæjur                                           spread sheets
ok bú gerðu.                                              and made a household.

24.                                                             24.
Börn ólu þau,                                            Children they had,
- bjuggu ok unðu, -                                    - they lived together and were happy -
hét Halr ok Drengr,                                   called(24) Halr and Drengr,
Hölðr, Þegn ok Smiðr,                              Hǫlðr, Þegn and Smiðr,
Breiðr, Bóndi,                                           Breiðr, Bóndi,
Bundinskeggi,                                           Bundinskeggi,
Búi ok Boddi,                                           Búi and Boddi,
Brattskeggr ok Seggr.                               Brattskeggr and Seggr.(25)

25.                                                             25.
Enn hétu svá                                             So also were called
öðrum nöfnum,                                         by other names
Snót, Brúðr, Svanni,                                 Snót, Brúðr, Svanni,
Svarri, Sprakki,                                         Svarri, Sprakki,
Fljóð, Sprund ok Víf,                                Fljóð, Sprund and Víf,
Feima, Ristill.                                            Feima [and] Ristill.(26)
Þaðan eru komnar                                     From them have come
karla ættir.                                                 the families of carls.(27)

26.                                                             26.
Gekk Rígr þaðan                                       Rígr went from there
réttar brautir;                                             on right ways;
kom hann at sal,                                        he came to a hall,
suðr horfðu dyrr,                                       the doors faced south,
var hurð hnigin,                                         the door was lowered,(28)
hringr var í gætti.                                      a ring was in the doorpost.

27.                                                             27.
Gekk hann inn at þat,                                In he went then,
golf var stráat;                                           the floor was strewn;
sátu hjón,                                                   a couple were sitting,
sáusk í augu,                                              looking in each others' eyes,
Faðir ok Móðir,                                         Faðir and Móðir,(29)
fingrum at leika.                                        playing with their fingers.(30)

28.                                                             28.
Sat húsgumi                                              The master of the house sat
ok sneri streng,                                          and twisted a [bow]string,
alm of bendi,                                             bent elm,
örvar skefti;                                               shafted arrows;
en húskona                                                and the mistress of the house
hugði at örmum,                                        examined her arms,
strauk of rifti,                                            smoothed her linen,
sterti ermar.                                               stretched her sleeves.

29.                                                             29.
Keisti fald,                                                With her head-dress she towered,
kinga var á bringu,                                    there was a coin-brooch at her breast,
síðar slæður,                                              her robes trailed,
serk bláfáan;                                              her bodice dyed blue;
brún bjartari,                                              her brow [was] brighter,
brjóst ljósara,                                             her breast lighter,
hals hvítari                                                 her neck whiter
hreinni mjöllu.                                           than driven snow.

30.                                                             30.
Rígr kunni þeim                                        Rígr knew how
ráð at segja;                                               to give them advice;
meir settisk hann                                       further he sat down
miðra fletja,                                               in mid-bench,
en á hlið hvára                                           and on each side
hjón salkynna.                                           the two householders.

31.                                                             31.
Þá tók Móðir                                             Then Móðir took
merkðan dúk,                                            a figured cloth,(31)
hvítan af hörvi,                                          white, of linen,
hulði bjóð,                                                 covered the table,
hon tók at þat                                            she then took
hleifa þunna,                                             thin loaves,
hvíta af hveiti,                                           white, of wheat,
ok hulði dúk.                                             and covered the cloth.

32.
Framm setti hon                                        She set out
fulla skutla,(32)                                         full dishes,
silfri varða, á bjóð,                                    mounted with silver, on the table,
fáin fleski(33)                                            streaky flesh
ok fugla steikða,                                        and roasted fowl,
vín var í könnu,                                         there was wine in a flagon,
varðir kálkar;                                             decorated goblets;
drukku ok dæmðu,                                    they drank and talked,
dagr var á sinnum.                                     the day was far gone.

33.                                                             33.
Rígr kunni þeim                                        Rígr knew how
ráð at segja;                                               to give them advice;
reis hann at þat,                                         he rose up then,
rekkju gerði.                                              made his bed.(34)
Þar var hann at þat                                    There he was then
þríar nætr saman;                                       three nights together;
gekk hann meir at þat                                he went further then
miðrar brautar;                                           in mid-path;
liðu meir at þat                                          further passed then
mánuðr níu.                                               nine months.

34.                                                             34.
Svein ól Móðir,                                         A boy Móðir bore,
silki vafði,                                                 [and] wrapped in silk,
jósu vatni,                                                  they sprinkled him with water,
Jarl létu heita;                                            named him Jarl(35);
bleikt var hár,                                            blond was his hair,
bjartir vangar,                                            bright his cheeks,(36)
ötul váru augu                                           piercing were his eyes,
sem yrmlingi.                                             like a young snake's.

35.                                                             35.
Upp óx þar                                                He grew up there,
Jarl á fletjum;                                            Jarl, among the benches;
lind nam at skelfa,                                     he up and shook shield,
leggja strengi,                                            fixed [bow]string,
alm at beygja,                                            bent elm,
örvar skefta,                                              shafted arrows,
flein at fleygja,                                          threw spear,
frökkur dýja,                                             shook lances(37),
hestum ríða,                                               rode horses,
hundum verpa,                                          loosed hounds,(38)
sverðum bregða,                                        brandished swords,
sund at fremja.                                          did swimming.

36.                                                             36.
Kom þar ór runni                                       Came from the thicket there
Rígr gangandi,                                          Rígr, walking,
Rígr gangandi,                                          Rígr, walking,
rúnar kendi;                                               taught [him] runes;
sitt gaf heiti,                                              gave him his [own] name,
son kveðsk eiga;                                        declares he has a son(39);
þann bað hann eignask                              then he bade him make his own
óðalvöllu,                                                  odal fields,
óðalvöllu,                                                  odal fields
aldnar byggðir.                                          settled since olden days.

37.                                                             37.
Reið hann meir þaðan                               Further he(40) rode from there
myrkvan við,                                             [through] a dark forest,    
hélug fjöll,                                                 [and] a frosty fell,
unz at höllu kom;                                      until he came to a hall;
skaft nam at dýja,                                     he up and shook lance,
skelfði lind,                                               shook shield,
hesti hleypði                                              spurred his horse
ok hjörvi brá;                                             and drew his blade;
víg nam at vekja,                                       up and raised war,
völl nam at rjóða,                                      up and reddened field,
val nam at fella,                                         up and laid low slain,
vá til landa.                                               won lands.

38.                                                             38.
Réð hann einn at þat                                 He then ruled alone
átján búum,                                               eight settlements,
auð nam skipta,                                         he up and dealt out wealth,
öllum veita                                                granted to all
meiðmar ok mösma,                                  treasures and valuables,(41)
mara svangrifja,                                         slim-ribbed steeds,
hringum hreytti,                                        [and] scattered rings,
hjó sundr baug.                                         hewed bracelets asunder.

39.                                                             39.
Óku ærir                                                    There drove envoys
úrgar brautir,                                             on wet ways,(42)
kómu at höllu,                                           they came to a hall,
þar er Hersir bjó;                                       where Hersir lived;(43)
mey átti hann                                            he had a maid,
mjófingraða,                                              slender-fingered,
hvíta ok horska,                                         white and wise,(44)
hétu Erna.                                                  she was called Erna.(45)

40.                                                             40.
Báðu hennar                                              They asked for her
ok heim óku,                                             and home they drove [her],
giftu Jarli,                                                  married [her] to Jarl,
gekk hon und líni;                                     she went under linen;(46)
saman bjuggu þau                                     together they lived
ok sér unðu,                                               and were happy,
ættir jóku                                                   increased their kindred
ok aldrs nutu.                                            and enjoyed life.

41.                                                             41.
Burr var inn ellsti,                                     Burr was the eldest [son],
en Barn annat,                                           and Barn second, (47)
Jóð ok Aðal,                                              Jóð and Aðal,
Arfi, Mögr,                                                Arfi, Mǫgr,
Niðr ok Niðjungr,                                      Niðr and Niðjungr(48)
- námu leika, -                                           - they took up games -
Sonr ok Sveinn,                                         Sonr and Sveinn,(49)
- sund ok tafl, -                                         - swimming and tafl(50) -
Kundr hét enn,                                          one was called Kundr,
Konr var inn yngsti.                                  Konr was the youngest.(51)

42.                                                             42.
Upp óxu þar                                              Up they grew there,
Jarli bornir,                                                the sons of Jarl,
hesta tömðu,                                              horses they tamed,
hlífar bendu,                                              bucklers they bent,
skeyti skófu,                                              shafts they smoothed,      
skelfðu aska.                                             ash [spears] they shook.

43.                                                             43.
En Konr ungr(52)                                      But Konr the Young
kunni rúnar,                                               knew runes,
ævinrúnar                                                  everlasting runes
ok aldrrúnar;                                              and life runes(53);
meir kunni hann                                        further he could
mönnum bjarga,                                        save people(54),
eggjar deyfa,                                             blunt edges,
ægi lægja.                                                  [and] still the ocean.

44.                                                             44.
Klök nam fugla,                                        He learnt the twittering of birds,
kyrra elda,                                                 how to quench fire,
sefa of svefja,                                            calm down minds,(55)
sorgir lægja,                                               still sorrow,
afl ok eljun                                                the strength and doughtiness
átta manna.                                                of eight men.

45.                                                             45.
Hann við Ríg jarl                                       With Jarl Rígr he
rúnar deildi,                                               traded runes,(56)
brögðum beitti                                           baited him with tricks
ok betr kunni;                                            and was more able;
þá öðlaðisk                                                then he came into his heritage
ok þá eiga gat                                            and then got the right
Rígr at heita,                                             to be called Rígr,
rúnar kunna.                                              runes [to] know.

46.                                                             46.
Reið Konr ungr                                         Konr the Young rode
kjörr ok skóga,                                          [through] thickets and forests,
kolfi fleygði,                                             let fly the bolt,     
kyrrði fugla.                                              stunned birds.(57)

47.                                                             47.
Þá kvað þat kráka,                                     Then the crow said this,
sat kvisti ein:                                             [it] sat alone on a branch:
"Hvat skaltu, Konr ungr,                           "Why must you, Konr the Young,
kyrra fugla?                                               stun birds?
Heldr mætti ér                                           Rather you(58) ought
hestum ríða,                                               to ride horses,
[hjörvi bregða]                                           [draw blade](59)
ok her fella.                                               and fell armies.

48.                                                             48.
Á Danr ok Danpr                                      "Danr and Danpr have
dýrar hallir,                                                costly halls,          
æðra óðal                                                   higher heritage
en ér hafið;                                                than you have;
þeir kunnu vel                                           they are well skilled
kjóli at ríða,                                               in riding the ship,
egg at kenna,                                             in teaching the edge,(60)
undir rjúfa."                                               ripping wounds."

49.(61)                                                       49.
Brún bjartari,                                             Her brow [was] brighter,
brjóst ljósara,                                             her breast lighter,
hals hvítari                                                 her neck whiter
hreinni mjöllu.                                           than driven snow.

50.                                                             50.
Bjuggu hjón,                                             They lived as a couple,
bauga deildu.                                            dealt out rings.


Notes

1.  To show the use of repetition and somewhat odd word choices in this poem, I have consistently rendered   meir as "further", at þat as "then", and nam at as "up and" with past tense (rather than "began to", the usual translation that does not always fit).
2.  against the doorposts (gætti) but not closed. I follow Guðbrandur Vigfússon in this. Ursula Dronke has "in the side-niche", i.e., wide open.
3.  Emended from "af árni", which would mean something like "from toil".
4.  Great-grandfather, Great-grandmother
5.  These two lines about the calf are ill-suited to Edda's cooking style and are usually moved to Verse 18, about Amma's cooking; this editor, Guðni Jónsson, has them in both places.
6.  These two pairs of lines are in the reverse order in the manuscript.
7.  Something has gone missing here.
8.  Thrall.
9.  Lotr is a hapax legomenon - a uniquely occurring word. It is presumably related to lútr, "stooping", which occurs in Verse 12 as a proper name.
10.  Gengilbeina appears to mean she is always walking from place to place. "Gangly-legged" would not have quite the same meaning.
11.  Omitting the awkward er, "is". Either a hook nose or a broken nose.
12.  Bondswoman, Maidservant.
13.  Noisy and Cowherd, Clumpy and Clod, Lewd, Foul, Stumpy, Fatty, Sluggard and Greyish, Stooper and Leggy. For these and the daughters' names, much guesswork is involved.
14.  Stumpy and Cloggy, Lumpy-calves and Eaglenosed, Screecher and Bondmaid, Everchatter (or Oaken-pegged), Tattercoat and Craneshanks.
15.  i.e, either a belted tunic or a garment sewn with a waist.
16.  In ON smokkr is a hapax legomenon but seems clearly derived from the Anglo-Saxon ancestor of "smock", used of a shirt or a woman's shift, or undergarment.
17.  The "dwarves" are presumably a metaphor for the straps holding up her apron-dress, or possibly the brooches that secure them at the front.
18.  Grandfather, Grandmother, or as Guðmundur Vigfússon calls them, Gaffer and Gammer.
19.  Lacuna in the text filled with material from Verses 3 to 5. For the calf, see note 5.
20.  Churl, carl: a free-born peasant or a yeoman; a member of the common people.
21.  Arðr is an older word for a plough than plógr; they were apparently used of different kinds.
22.  Daughter-in-law.
23.  i.e., spent money
24.  This is actually a singular: "he was called".
25.  Goodfellow and Doughty, Franklin, Thegn and Smith, Broadfellow, Peasant, Boundbeard, Farmer and Smallholder, Steepbeard and Man. Many of these are either old words for "man, warrior" or classes of free men.
26.  Lass, Bride, Lady, Damsel, Finelooking, Mistress, Madam and Wife, Shy and Sharp. These are all heiti used in skaldic verse for "woman".
27.  See note 20.
28.  i.e., taken down, removed. The doors opened up rather than at one side, and were hung at the top.
29.  Father and Mother
30.  Dronke points to the expression at leika við fingr sér, literally "to play with one's fingers" as meaning "to be blissfully unoccupied".
31.  presumably embroidered
32.  The manuscript has these 2 words reversed.
33.  The manuscript has fáán ok fleski.
34.  Editors commonly insert here the second half of Verse 5:
meir lagðisk hann                                      further he lay down
miðrar rekkju,                                            in mid-bed,
en á hlið hvára                                           and on each side
            hjón salkynna.                                             the two householders.
35.  Jarl, the Scandinavian earl or chieftain
36.  Presumably red
37.  The frakki is specifically or originally a Frankish spear, a relatively rare word usually found in compounds. It seems to have been heavier and may have been barbed.
38.  literally, threw dogs
39.  i.e, acknowledges him as his son
40.  What follows indicates this "he" is Jarl, not Rígr.
41.  Mǫsmar is a hapax legomenon.
42.  presumably with dew?
43.  Literally "Ruler": a rank of landowner below a jarl, perhaps equal to squire.
44.  Sophus Bugge's emendation; in the manuscript the three lines read "mætti hann | miofingardi |hvíti ok horski", which means "he met a slender-fingered [woman], white and wise."
45.  Following the traditional emendation to "Hét su". Erna is unexplained; Guðbrandur Vigfússon substituted Erla, a feminine equivalent to Jarl's name.
46.  The linen bridal headdress or veil.
47.  Burr and Barn both mean "child"; Burr also occurs in Vǫluspá Verse 4 (perhaps the same as Buri).
48.  Offspring and Nobility, Heir, Relative, Kin and Kinsman
49.  Son and Swain
50.  Tafl is an ancient board-game.
51.  Kundr: Boychild. Konr: Scion.
52.  A peculiarly structured formulation in order to appear to be the etymology of konungr, "king".
53.  Both ævinrúnar and aldrrúnar are hapax legomena. Of course all the mentions of "runes" here presumably refer to the spells as well as the symbols; the base meaning of the word is "mystery".
54.  Dronke interprets this as birthing babies, based on Sigrdrífumál 9.
55.  The manuscript has ok, "and". Many editors suspect this verse's genuineness.
56.  i.e, in a contest or battle
57.  The same verb as kyrra elda, quench fire, above; the bolt has a short shaft and blunt end used to bring birds down without killing them. "Silenced" is another possible translation.
58.  Emended from the manuscript þér for alliteration and to match Verse 48; the meaning is the same, strictly speaking plural "you".
59.  Inserted based on Verse 37 and Helgakviða Hundingsbana I.
60.  i.e., wielding the sword to instruct enemies using its edge.
61.  These last two verses have been inserted by the editor based on Verses 29 and 23; the manuscript breaks off.